In order to capture the changes in rural areas, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture
established a survey system called Fixed Observation Points System. It regularly
conducted surveys on economic and institutional changes in these "fixed observation
points" of villages across China.
The objects of the survey are the villages selected and economic entities (household,
economic cooperatives and enterprises) within the village. Based on the nature of
survey, sampling or complete survey method was adopted.
The contents of the survey are comprehensive, which includes over 1000 items in
total. Based on the type of statistical reporting form, it can be summarized under
3 categories: (1) Information on villages, including population, labor force, land
utilization, institutional construction, fixed assets, production and sales, financial
situation. (2) Information on household, such as population, labor, land, sown area,
sales, purchase of production materials. Household income, expenditure, food consumption
and holding of durable products are also included. (3) Information on enterprises,
including assets and liability, production, sales, income and expenses, distribution
of net income, etc.
The village level general survey is one of the regular surveys conducted by Ministry
of Agriculture on the these permanant observation sites.
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